Marcus Garvey Institute sending out sympathy

Dec 9, 2016 by

Fidel Castro, Afro-Cubans, Africans, and Marcus Garvey
By Shaka Barak, President of The Marcus Garvey Institute, Appointed Minister of Education and Former Candidate for President General of the UNIA & ACL in 2016
P.O. Box 1723 Oak Park, Il. 60304 Shakabarak1@yahoo.com, 708-613-5132
The Marcus Garvey Institute goes on record of sending out sympathy to the Afro Cubans in Cuba and abroad who are mourning the loss of Cuba’s former President Fidel Castro (b. August 13, 1926, d. November 25, 2016), a great Cuban Revolutionary Nationalist. The late Prime Minister of Cuba with 50 years of leadership, Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (Fidel Castro) who died at the age of 90 will always be a great historical figure who, although much more needs to be done in the political arena for racial equality, Cubans 94% literacy rate, free health care and homes, led by Fidel and his government has impacted the lives of the Afro Cubans positively. We also send out our sympathy to those members of the family of Fidel Castro, and the over 11 million citizens of Cuba.
As the country of Cuba and its people enter into these sad days since the passing of Fidel Castro, we Garveyites want to take time to remember that Cuba and Afro Cubans in particular, have a great connection to the Jamaican born, Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey (b. August 17, 1887, d. June 10, 1940) founder and first President General of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, (UNIA) founded on July 20, 1914. As the UNIA was rising to become the African World’s first and largest mass movement, Marcus Garvey impacted the island of Cuba in the 1920’s in a profound way. Cuba had the largest number of divisions of the UNIA outside of the United States, and was an integral part of this Pan-Caribbean movement, that included countries with divisions in Haiti, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Jamaica, the Bahamas, Antigua, Bermuda, Dominica, Suriname, Grenada, Nevis, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Thomas, St. Vincent, the then British Guiana, the then British Honduras
One of Marcus Garvey’s close associates, Santurce, Puerto Rico born Bibliophile, Arthur Alfonso Schomberg (b. Jan 24, 1874 · d. June 8, 1938) stated to UNIA members on April 11, 1920, that he was connected with the Cuban Revolutionary Party, founded in 1892 by Jose Marti, that was made up of Cubans that fought equally for a free Puerto Rico. Schomberg was proud to be connected to the movement that brought Cuba its independence, and has impacted Cubans through Fidel Castro’s legacy today.
Further connections to Marcus Garvey were that the first Black Star Line (BSL) steamship ship the S.S. Yarmouth, rechristened the S.S. Frederick Douglass sailed for Havana, Cuba on February 5, 1919. Marcus Garvey sent the BSL Secretary British Guiana born Smith Green (1888-1939) to meet the ship in Cuba, and supervise unloading the cargo of whiskey. He arrived in Havana and met with the ship’s Captain along with 16 other crew members and delegates and the BSL ship Fredrick Douglass’s cargo was removed. Mario García Menocal (1866–1941) the President of Cuba was so impressed by the BSL and the UNIA delegates that he received Smith Green at the palace of the President. Marcus Garvey himself was received by the Governor of the Oriente province in Cuba.
Also, the Afro Cubans of Havana came out to see this ship with its flag with a black star surrounded by red, and green and then they proudly bought stock in the BSL that had been incorporated on the June 23, 1919, at $500,000 of common stock sold for on $5 a share. Later because of great success, and upon the recommendation to the board of directors, the common stock increased to $10 million. The UNIA’s aim was, “To conduct a world-wide commercial and industrial intercourse for the good of the Negro people.” To achieve this, Marcus Garvey and the UNIA’s goal was one ship to be purchased every 3 months; jobs for 3000-5000 employee’s in 12 months; and everything the Negro Factories Corporation (NFC) (incorporated January 23, 1919), produced would have been placed on those ships; and every commercial or raw product the African, Caribbean and South American UNIA Divisions grew or mined would have been stacked to the top of the roofs on those ships when they sailed back to American UNIA ran factories.
Afro Cubans, that were in considerably larger numbers in the year 1919 (60%), compared to the 9.26% Black and 26.62% Mulatto according to the most recent census of 2012 giving them a combined African descent count of only 35.88% of the total population of Cuba, played their parts. Africans brought to Cuba by Spanish colonial rulers to work on sugar, coffee and tobacco plantations also figured prominently during the rebellion against Spain in Cuba. While the census shows a decline in the Black population, we can safely assume that there are many who pose as white people that are in fact of African descent.
Marcus Garvey’s BSL, with the help of Afro Cubans would acquire 2 buildings; 2 trucks; money in 9 banks and financial institutions; Captains and sailors; passengers and cargo; entering ports in the African Diaspora; and its 500 employee’s. The headquarters of the BSL was 56 West 135th Street, New York. Later another ship of the BSL, the S.S. Kanawah, was named after a Cuban hero Antonio Maceo.
A name that always will and must come to mind when discussing Cuba’s independence is a man of African descent “Antonio Maceo, who was born in Santiago de Cuba on June 14, 1845. Antonio was the son of Marcos Maceo and Mariana Grajales, parents that were extraordinary fighters for Cuban independence and to end slavery. On October 10, 1868 the Cubans started a rebellion in Yara Town in Eastern Cuba, starting the Ten Year war against Spain. Research shows that she committed her whole family to swear before Jesus Christ to struggle until Cuba “was independent or to die trying”. Antonio Maceo was shot and wounded over twenty four times, yet each time he was wounded he was nursed back to health by his mother, Mariana Grajales, and he returned to the fight. Antonio Maceo never gave up the fight for Cuban independence nor the abolition of slavery in Cuba. As a legendary general he is the greatest heroes of all the Americas. Antonio Maceo was fifty three years old when he was mortally wounded in combat on a Cuban battlefield, the victim of bullet numbers twenty five and twenty six. The Cuba that Antonio Maceo fought for was 42,791 sq. mi. of territory, the largest of the Caribbean islands.
Cuba was first occupied by Mesoamericans before Europeans arrived, led by the infamous Christopher Columbus Lived (1451 – May 20, 1506) who arrived in the year 1492. This conquest by Europeans had social, political, and physical (genocide) repercussions on the indigenous people of Cuba as well as those indigenous people of Cuba as well as the Caribbean, Central and South and North American. The enslavement of captured Africans existed on the territory of the island of Cuba from the 16th century until it was abolished by royal decree on October 7, 1886. More than a million African slaves were brought to Cuba as part of the Atlantic slave trade; Cuba did not end its participation in the slave trade until 1867. As the slaves outnumbered the European Cubans, a large proportion of Cubans are descended from these African slaves, perhaps as many as 60% of the population. Research shows that “Slavery in Cuba was profitable for owners of enslaved Africans after the Haitian Revolution because after 1804 Haiti retreated from the global sugar market in favor of focusing on subsistence farming, so Cuba became the largest sugar producer. By the mid-19th century, due to the British pressure to abolish slavery, plantation owners transported more than 100,000 Chinese workers. But they were held in conditions not very different from the ones of the African slaves. The origins of enslaved captured Africans was from Senegal in the North to Zimbabwe in the South and as Far East as Kenya. The tribes enslaved Africans were taken from were primarily Bantu, Yoruba, Ibo/Ibibio/Ijaw, and Ewe/Fon.
The original 35,000 loyal UNIA members from Cuba and the 40 other countries that were the stock holders have since passed on. However, not before they made a great contribution to our racial history. Likewise, due to sabotage, government interference the four ships S.S. Yarmouth, S.S. Kanawha, S.S. Shadyside, S.S. Orion (a Black Cross Navigation and Trading Corporation purchase), along with the $900,000 raised are gone. The 3rd UNIA convention in 1922 and for many years later the UNIA organized the BSL redemption corporation to redeem the stocks held by stock holders at 2.5% interest.
In conclusion, the locations of UNIA divisions in Cuba, according to the late Garveyite Scholar and Trinidad born Dr. Tony Martin( b. February 21, 1942, d. January 17, 2013) in the book Race First, the Ideological and Organizational struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association with large populations today, are highlighted below and include: Almirante, Antilla Nipe Bay, Banes, Bartel (Oriente), Caigo Mambi, Camaguey, Central Elia, Central Francisco (Camaguey), Central Isabell (Oriente), Central Mirande (Oriente), Central Palma, Central Socores, Central Velasco, Central Vertuentes, Cespedes, Chaperra, Ciego de Avilla, Cueto (Oriente), Delicias, Florida (Camaguey), Guanaboca (Havana), Guantanamo (Oriente), Hatuey {?}, Havana, Ingenio Rio Canto, Jababo (Oriente), Jatibonico, Las Minas, Marcane, Mariano, Moran Camaguey, Nueva Gerona, Nuevitas, Palmarito de Canto, Placetas, Puerto Padre, Remedios, Saqua la Grande, San Cristobal, San German, San Geronimo, San Manuel (Oriente), San Pedro, Santa Cruz del Sur, Santiago, Sola (Camaguey), Victoria de las Tunas. Chapter: Guantanamo (Oriente), Santiago.
This is my tribute to Fidel Castro for providing refuge for Jamaica, Queens, New York born Assata Olugbala Shakur (b. Jul 16, 1947), an African-American activist, former member of the Black Panther Party and Black Liberation Army. Assata was critical of all black revolutionaries who did not have knowledge of Marcus Garvey taught in their political education programs. She was convicted of murder in 1977 but escaped from prison in 1979 and fled to Cuba in 1984, where under Fidel Castro she received political asylum. To Fidel Castro’s credit many of the goals of Marcus Garvey were furthered when Cuba supported Africans who waged armed struggles of liberation movements of South Africa, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Angola and Mozambique. A Monroe, North Carolina born Black Nationalist, Robert Williams (b. 1925 · d. Oct 15, 1996) also lived in Cuba during his exile between 1961-69. Williams wrote a book, Negroes with Guns (1962) that details his disagreement with the pacifist movement because of his experience with violent white racist. Williams also broadcast from the powerful radio station from Havana, Cuba. So while the Cuban people bury Fidel Castro a study of the history of Cuba will reveal that there is a connection between Fidel Castro, Cubans, Africans and Marcus Garvey. A Luta Continua

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